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Swinging in black and white

Swinging in black and white

Hello 

Can you believe we’ve  just found a song full of legal jargon?! And of course, we couldn’t help it! Here we are sharing it with you.

But before enjoying the song, here is a little bit of vocabulary. 

The jury is a group of persons summoned by law and sworn to hear and hand down a verdict upon a case presented in court. However, what’s the difference between a grand jury and a petit jury?

A grand jury (Sp. jurado de acusación o Gran Jurado) is composed of 23 members. Ordinarily, they listen to evidence presented only by prosecutors and determine whether there is probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed by the individuals or organizations under investigation. If the grand jury finds there is probable cause, it issues a written statement of the charges that is called an indictment. Grand juries meet in secret, which protects the reputations of those under investigation. A grand jury’s work becomes public only if an indictment is issued. Then, the accused will be brought before a judge. The accused can then decide to plead guilty, or plead not guilty and go to trial.

On the other hand, a petit jury (Sp. jurado de calificación, ordinario o pequeño jurado) — also referred to as a trial jury — consists of six to 12 members. In criminal trials, they listen to evidence presented by both prosecutors and the defense. They determine if the accused is guilty or not. Both criminal and civil trials are held in open court, except in rare instances when the judge seals a portion of the proceedings.

And what’s the role of the judge and the jury? According to the Legal Services Commission of South Australia… 

In a trial with a Judge and a jury, each have very different parts to play.

The jury listen to the evidence and decide who or what to believe. They decide what the facts of the case are. They are the only ones who can decide whether the accused is guilty or not guilty.

The judge sees that the proper procedures are followed and she or he makes decisions about all questions of what the law is in relation to the particular case. Because the jury do not decide these questions, many of the discussions and decisions related to the law are made when the jury is not in the courtroom.

When the jury reaches a verdict (decision on the guilt or otherwise of the defendant), its role comes to an end.

If the jury finds the defendant guilty, it is then the role of the Judge to decide the appropriate sentence.

And finally, to be both judge and jury means someone who makes all the decisions about something important, especially when other people think this is wrong. (Who made you judge and jury over everybody?) [mcmillandictionary]

Musically speaking, Addie Hamilton is a twenty-one year old Emmy nominated singer/songwriter based out of Los Angeles, CA. who has since an early age been fascinated by 1920’s and 1930’s jazz and swing. She has worked with the rotating music collective Post Modern Jukebox, which is getting million of followers on its youtube channel. She, herself, as released a couple of singles and is currently working on her debut album. Meanwhile, enjoy her “Judge & Jury.

Now, here’s the treat!!

Enjoy

Fancy practicing some Law& Order idioms? Give it a try here!

Have a nice weekend! 

Ernest